X264-应用工程

2019-11-30 16:01:33来源:博客园 阅读 ()

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X264-应用工程

 接下来的几篇博客中,具体学习下X264的实现过程。

 源代码的分析参考了雷神的博客,感谢雷神!博客链接:https://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020/article/details/45536607。

 

1.概述

X264编码流程图如下所示:

    ?

首先我们要创建编码器,初始化编码器参数,然后读入YUV数据进行VCL视频编码,编码后的数据进行NAL打包,循环所有的视频帧,最后释放内存,关闭编码器。

 

2.应用工程

(1)main()函数是x264控制台应用程序的入口,主函数如下:

//主函数
int main( int argc, char **argv )
{
    x264_param_t param;   //编码器参数
    cli_opt_t opt = {0};  //编码器操作
    int ret = 0;
    FAIL_IF_ERROR( x264_threading_init(), "unable to initialize threading\n" )
#ifdef _WIN32
    FAIL_IF_ERROR( !get_argv_utf8( &argc, &argv ), "unable to convert command line to UTF-8\n" )
    GetConsoleTitleW( org_console_title, CONSOLE_TITLE_SIZE );
    _setmode( _fileno( stdin ),  _O_BINARY );    //二进制格式
    _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), _O_BINARY );
    _setmode( _fileno( stderr ), _O_BINARY );
#endif

    if( parse( argc, argv, &param, &opt ) < 0 )     //解析命令行输入
        ret = -1;
#ifdef _WIN32
    SetConsoleTitleW( org_console_title );
#endif
   
    signal( SIGINT, sigint_handler );
    
    if( !ret )
        ret = encode( &param, &opt );   //编码
   
    if( filter.free )
        filter.free( opt.hin );
    else if( opt.hin )
        cli_input.close_file( opt.hin );
    if( opt.hout )
        cli_output.close_file( opt.hout, 0, 0 );
    if( opt.tcfile_out )
        fclose( opt.tcfile_out );
    if( opt.qpfile )
        fclose( opt.qpfile );
#ifdef _WIN32
    SetConsoleTitleW( org_console_title );
    free( argv );
#endif
    return ret;
}

主函数的开始,首先调用parse()解析输入的命令行参数,再调用encode()函数进行编码。

 

(2)parse()函数用于解析命令行输入的参数。

static int parse(int argc, char **argv, x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt)  

argc:参数个数;argv:指向参数的指针; param:参数结构体; opt:操作类型;

parse()函数:

//解析命令行输入
static int parse( int argc, char **argv, x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt )
{
    char *input_filename = NULL;
    const char *demuxer = demuxer_names[0];
    char *output_filename = NULL;
    const char *muxer = muxer_names[0];
    char *tcfile_name = NULL;
    x264_param_t defaults;
    char *profile = NULL;
    char *vid_filters = NULL;
    int b_thread_input = 0;
    int b_turbo = 1;
    int b_user_ref = 0;
    int b_user_fps = 0;
    int b_user_interlaced = 0;
    cli_input_opt_t input_opt;
    cli_output_opt_t output_opt;
    char *preset = NULL;
    char *tune = NULL;
    //初始化参数默认值
    x264_param_default( &defaults );
    cli_log_level = defaults.i_log_level;

    memset( &input_opt, 0, sizeof(cli_input_opt_t) );
    memset( &output_opt, 0, sizeof(cli_output_opt_t) );
    input_opt.bit_depth = 8;
    input_opt.input_range = input_opt.output_range = param->vui.b_fullrange = RANGE_AUTO;
    int output_csp = defaults.i_csp;
    opt->b_progress = 1;

    /* Presets are applied before all other options. */
    for( optind = 0;; )
    {
        int c = getopt_long( argc, argv, short_options, long_options, NULL );
        if( c == -1 )
            break;
        if( c == OPT_PRESET )
            preset = optarg;
        if( c == OPT_TUNE )
            tune = optarg;
        else if( c == '?' )
            return -1;
    }

    if( preset && !strcasecmp( preset, "placebo" ) )
        b_turbo = 0;
    //设置preset,tune
    if( x264_param_default_preset( param, preset, tune ) < 0 )
        return -1;

    /* Parse command line options */
    //解析命令行选项
    for( optind = 0;; )
    {
        int b_error = 0;
        int long_options_index = -1;

        int c = getopt_long( argc, argv, short_options, long_options, &long_options_index );

        if( c == -1 )
        {
            break;
        }
        //不同的选项做不同的处理
        switch( c )
        {
            case 'h':
                help( &defaults, 0 );//"-h"帮助菜单
                exit(0);
            case OPT_LONGHELP:
                help( &defaults, 1 );
                exit(0);
            case OPT_FULLHELP:
                help( &defaults, 2 );
                exit(0);
            case 'V':
                print_version_info();//打印版本信息
                exit(0);
            case OPT_FRAMES:
                param->i_frame_total = X264_MAX( atoi( optarg ), 0 );
                break;
            case OPT_SEEK:
                opt->i_seek = X264_MAX( atoi( optarg ), 0 );
                break;
            case 'o':
                output_filename = optarg;//输出文件路径
                break;
            case OPT_MUXER:
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( parse_enum_name( optarg, muxer_names, &muxer ), "Unknown muxer `%s'\n", optarg )
                break;
            case OPT_DEMUXER:
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( parse_enum_name( optarg, demuxer_names, &demuxer ), "Unknown demuxer `%s'\n", optarg )
                break;
            case OPT_INDEX:
                input_opt.index_file = optarg;
                break;
            case OPT_QPFILE:
                opt->qpfile = x264_fopen( optarg, "rb" );
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( !opt->qpfile, "can't open qpfile `%s'\n", optarg )
                if( !x264_is_regular_file( opt->qpfile ) )
                {
                    x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_ERROR, "qpfile incompatible with non-regular file `%s'\n", optarg );
                    fclose( opt->qpfile );
                    return -1;
                }
                break;
            case OPT_THREAD_INPUT:
                b_thread_input = 1;
                break;
            case OPT_QUIET:
                cli_log_level = param->i_log_level = X264_LOG_NONE;//设置log级别
                break;
            case 'v':
                cli_log_level = param->i_log_level = X264_LOG_DEBUG;//设置log级别
                break;
            case OPT_LOG_LEVEL:
                if( !parse_enum_value( optarg, log_level_names, &cli_log_level ) )
                    cli_log_level += X264_LOG_NONE;
                else
                    cli_log_level = atoi( optarg );
                param->i_log_level = cli_log_level;//设置log级别
                break;
            case OPT_NOPROGRESS:
                opt->b_progress = 0;
                break;
            case OPT_TUNE:
            case OPT_PRESET:
                break;
            case OPT_PROFILE:
                profile = optarg;
                break;
            case OPT_SLOWFIRSTPASS:
                b_turbo = 0;
                break;
            case 'r':
                b_user_ref = 1;
                goto generic_option;
            case OPT_FPS:
                b_user_fps = 1;
                param->b_vfr_input = 0;
                goto generic_option;
            case OPT_INTERLACED:
                b_user_interlaced = 1;
                goto generic_option;
            case OPT_TCFILE_IN:
                tcfile_name = optarg;
                break;
            case OPT_TCFILE_OUT:
                opt->tcfile_out = x264_fopen( optarg, "wb" );
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( !opt->tcfile_out, "can't open `%s'\n", optarg )
                break;
            case OPT_TIMEBASE:
                input_opt.timebase = optarg;
                break;
            case OPT_PULLDOWN:
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( parse_enum_value( optarg, pulldown_names, &opt->i_pulldown ), "Unknown pulldown `%s'\n", optarg )
                break;
            case OPT_VIDEO_FILTER:
                vid_filters = optarg;
                break;
            case OPT_INPUT_FMT:
                input_opt.format = optarg;//输入文件格式
                break;
            case OPT_INPUT_RES:
                input_opt.resolution = optarg;//输入分辨率
                break;
            case OPT_INPUT_CSP:
                input_opt.colorspace = optarg;//输入色域
                break;
            case OPT_INPUT_DEPTH:
                input_opt.bit_depth = atoi( optarg );//输入颜色位深
                break;
            case OPT_DTS_COMPRESSION:
                output_opt.use_dts_compress = 1;
                break;
            case OPT_OUTPUT_CSP:
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( parse_enum_value( optarg, output_csp_names, &output_csp ), "Unknown output csp `%s'\n", optarg )
                // correct the parsed value to the libx264 csp value
#if X264_CHROMA_FORMAT
                static const uint8_t output_csp_fix[] = { X264_CHROMA_FORMAT, X264_CSP_RGB };
#else
                static const uint8_t output_csp_fix[] = { X264_CSP_I420, X264_CSP_I422, X264_CSP_I444, X264_CSP_RGB };
#endif
                param->i_csp = output_csp = output_csp_fix[output_csp];
                break;
            case OPT_INPUT_RANGE:
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( parse_enum_value( optarg, range_names, &input_opt.input_range ), "Unknown input range `%s'\n", optarg )
                input_opt.input_range += RANGE_AUTO;
                break;
            case OPT_RANGE:
                FAIL_IF_ERROR( parse_enum_value( optarg, range_names, ¶m->vui.b_fullrange ), "Unknown range `%s'\n", optarg );
                input_opt.output_range = param->vui.b_fullrange += RANGE_AUTO;
                break;
            default:
generic_option:
            {
                if( long_options_index < 0 )
                {
                    for( int i = 0; long_options[i].name; i++ )
                        if( long_options[i].val == c )
                        {
                            long_options_index = i;
                            break;
                        }
                    if( long_options_index < 0 )
                    {
                        /* getopt_long already printed an error message */
                        return -1;
                    }
                }
                //解析以字符串方式输入的参数
                //即选项名称和选项值都是字符串
                b_error |= x264_param_parse( param, long_options[long_options_index].name, optarg );
            }
        }

        if( b_error )
        {
            const char *name = long_options_index > 0 ? long_options[long_options_index].name : argv[optind-2];
            x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_ERROR, "invalid argument: %s = %s\n", name, optarg );
            return -1;
        }
    }

    /* If first pass mode is used, apply faster settings. */
    if( b_turbo )
        x264_param_apply_fastfirstpass( param );

    /* Apply profile restrictions. */
    //设置profile
    if( x264_param_apply_profile( param, profile ) < 0 )
        return -1;

    /* Get the file name */
    FAIL_IF_ERROR( optind > argc - 1 || !output_filename, "No %s file. Run x264 --help for a list of options.\n",
                   optind > argc - 1 ? "input" : "output" )
    //根据文件名的后缀确定输出的文件格式(raw H264,flv,mp4...)
    if( select_output( muxer, output_filename, param ) )
        return -1;
    FAIL_IF_ERROR( cli_output.open_file( output_filename, &opt->hout, &output_opt ), "could not open output file `%s'\n", output_filename )
    //输入文件路径
    input_filename = argv[optind++];
    video_info_t info = {0};
    char demuxername[5];

    /* set info flags to be overwritten by demuxer as necessary. */
    //设置info结构体
    info.csp        = param->i_csp;
    info.fps_num    = param->i_fps_num;
    info.fps_den    = param->i_fps_den;
    info.fullrange  = input_opt.input_range == RANGE_PC;
    info.interlaced = param->b_interlaced;
    if( param->vui.i_sar_width > 0 && param->vui.i_sar_height > 0 )
    {
        info.sar_width  = param->vui.i_sar_width;
        info.sar_height = param->vui.i_sar_height;
    }
    info.tff        = param->b_tff;
    info.vfr        = param->b_vfr_input;

    input_opt.seek = opt->i_seek;
    input_opt.progress = opt->b_progress;
    input_opt.output_csp = output_csp;
    //设置输入文件的格式(yuv,y4m...)
    if( select_input( demuxer, demuxername, input_filename, &opt->hin, &info, &input_opt ) )
        return -1;

    FAIL_IF_ERROR( !opt->hin && cli_input.open_file( input_filename, &opt->hin, &info, &input_opt ),
                   "could not open input file `%s'\n", input_filename )

    x264_reduce_fraction( &info.sar_width, &info.sar_height );
    x264_reduce_fraction( &info.fps_num, &info.fps_den );
    x264_cli_log( demuxername, X264_LOG_INFO, "%dx%d%c %u:%u @ %u/%u fps (%cfr)\n", info.width,
                  info.height, info.interlaced ? 'i' : 'p', info.sar_width, info.sar_height,
                  info.fps_num, info.fps_den, info.vfr ? 'v' : 'c' );

    if( tcfile_name )
    {
        FAIL_IF_ERROR( b_user_fps, "--fps + --tcfile-in is incompatible.\n" )
        FAIL_IF_ERROR( timecode_input.open_file( tcfile_name, &opt->hin, &info, &input_opt ), "timecode input failed\n" )
        cli_input = timecode_input;
    }
    else FAIL_IF_ERROR( !info.vfr && input_opt.timebase, "--timebase is incompatible with cfr input\n" )

    /* init threaded input while the information about the input video is unaltered by filtering */
#if HAVE_THREAD
    if( info.thread_safe && (b_thread_input || param->i_threads > 1
        || (param->i_threads == X264_THREADS_AUTO && x264_cpu_num_processors() > 1)) )
    {
        if( thread_input.open_file( NULL, &opt->hin, &info, NULL ) )
        {
            fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: threaded input failed\n" );
            return -1;
        }
        cli_input = thread_input;
    }
#endif

    /* override detected values by those specified by the user */
    if( param->vui.i_sar_width > 0 && param->vui.i_sar_height > 0 )
    {
        info.sar_width  = param->vui.i_sar_width;
        info.sar_height = param->vui.i_sar_height;
    }
    if( b_user_fps )
    {
        info.fps_num = param->i_fps_num;
        info.fps_den = param->i_fps_den;
    }
    if( !info.vfr )
    {
        info.timebase_num = info.fps_den;
        info.timebase_den = info.fps_num;
    }
    if( !tcfile_name && input_opt.timebase )
    {
        uint64_t i_user_timebase_num;
        uint64_t i_user_timebase_den;
        int ret = sscanf( input_opt.timebase, "%"SCNu64"/%"SCNu64, &i_user_timebase_num, &i_user_timebase_den );
        FAIL_IF_ERROR( !ret, "invalid argument: timebase = %s\n", input_opt.timebase )
        else if( ret == 1 )
        {
            i_user_timebase_num = info.timebase_num;
            i_user_timebase_den = strtoul( input_opt.timebase, NULL, 10 );
        }
        FAIL_IF_ERROR( i_user_timebase_num > UINT32_MAX || i_user_timebase_den > UINT32_MAX,
                       "timebase you specified exceeds H.264 maximum\n" )
        opt->timebase_convert_multiplier = ((double)i_user_timebase_den / info.timebase_den)
                                         * ((double)info.timebase_num / i_user_timebase_num);
        info.timebase_num = i_user_timebase_num;
        info.timebase_den = i_user_timebase_den;
        info.vfr = 1;
    }
    if( b_user_interlaced )
    {
        info.interlaced = param->b_interlaced;
        info.tff = param->b_tff;
    }
    if( input_opt.input_range != RANGE_AUTO )
        info.fullrange = input_opt.input_range;

    //初始化滤镜filter
    //filter可以认为是一种“扩展”了的输入源
    if( init_vid_filters( vid_filters, &opt->hin, &info, param, output_csp ) )
        return -1;

    /* set param flags from the post-filtered video */
    param->b_vfr_input = info.vfr;
    param->i_fps_num = info.fps_num;
    param->i_fps_den = info.fps_den;
    param->i_timebase_num = info.timebase_num;
    param->i_timebase_den = info.timebase_den;
    param->vui.i_sar_width  = info.sar_width;
    param->vui.i_sar_height = info.sar_height;

    info.num_frames = X264_MAX( info.num_frames - opt->i_seek, 0 );
    if( (!info.num_frames || param->i_frame_total < info.num_frames)
        && param->i_frame_total > 0 )
        info.num_frames = param->i_frame_total;
    param->i_frame_total = info.num_frames;

    if( !b_user_interlaced && info.interlaced )
    {
#if HAVE_INTERLACED
        x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_WARNING, "input appears to be interlaced, enabling %cff interlaced mode.\n"
                      "                If you want otherwise, use --no-interlaced or --%cff\n",
                      info.tff ? 't' : 'b', info.tff ? 'b' : 't' );
        param->b_interlaced = 1;
        param->b_tff = !!info.tff;
#else
        x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_WARNING, "input appears to be interlaced, but not compiled with interlaced support\n" );
#endif
    }
    /* if the user never specified the output range and the input is now rgb, default it to pc */
    int csp = param->i_csp & X264_CSP_MASK;
    if( csp >= X264_CSP_BGR && csp <= X264_CSP_RGB )
    {
        if( input_opt.output_range == RANGE_AUTO )
            param->vui.b_fullrange = RANGE_PC;
        /* otherwise fail if they specified tv */
        FAIL_IF_ERROR( !param->vui.b_fullrange, "RGB must be PC range" )
    }

    /* Automatically reduce reference frame count to match the user's target level
     * if the user didn't explicitly set a reference frame count. */
    if( !b_user_ref )
    {
        int mbs = (((param->i_width)+15)>>4) * (((param->i_height)+15)>>4);
        for( int i = 0; x264_levels[i].level_idc != 0; i++ )
            if( param->i_level_idc == x264_levels[i].level_idc )
            {
                while( mbs * param->i_frame_reference > x264_levels[i].dpb && param->i_frame_reference > 1 )
                    param->i_frame_reference--;
                break;
            }
    }
    return 0;
}

具体流程:

    (1)调用x264_param_default()为存参数的结构体x264_param_t赋默认值;

    (2)调用x264_param_default_preset()为x264_param_t赋值;

    (3)在循环中调用getopt_long()逐个解析输入的参数,并做相应的处理;

    (4)调用select_input()解析输出文件格式;

    (5)调用select_output()解析输入文件格式;  

 

x264_param_default():设置x264_param_t结构体的默认值(X264的API)。

void x264_param_default(x264_param_t *param)
{
    memset( param, 0, sizeof( x264_param_t ) );         //开辟内存空间 
    param->cpu = x264_cpu_detect();                     //CPU自动检测
    param->i_threads = X264_THREADS_AUTO;               //并行编码线程为0
    param->b_deterministic = 1;                         //允许非确定性时线程优化
    param->i_sync_lookahead = X264_SYNC_LOOKAHEAD_AUTO; //自动选择线程超前缓冲大小-1


    //视频属性
    param->i_csp           = X264_CSP_I420; //设置输入的视频采样的格式0x0001yuv 4:2:0 planar
    param->i_width         = 0;             //宽度
    param->i_height        = 0;             //高度
    param->vui.i_sar_width = 0;
    param->vui.i_sar_height= 0;             //设置长宽比 
    param->vui.i_overscan  = 0;             //过扫描线,默认undef(不设置),可选:show(观看)crop(去除) 
    param->vui.i_vidformat = 5;             //undef视频格式 
    param->vui.b_fullrange = 0;             //off 
    param->vui.i_colorprim = 2;             //undef原始色度格式
    param->vui.i_transfer  = 2;             //undef 转换方式
    param->vui.i_colmatrix = 2;             //undef 色度矩阵设置
    param->vui.i_chroma_loc= 0;             //left center 色度样本指定,范围0~5,默认0
    param->i_fps_num       = 25;            //帧率
    param->i_fps_den       = 1;             //用两个整型的数的比值,来表示帧率
    param->i_level_idc     = -1;            //level值的设置
    param->i_slice_max_size = 0;            //每片字节的最大数,包括预计的NAL开销. 
    param->i_slice_max_mbs = 0;             //每片宏块的最大数,重写 i_slice_count 
    param->i_slice_count = 0;               //每帧的像条数目: 设置矩形像条. 
 
    //编码参数 
    param->i_frame_reference = 3;           //参考帧的最大帧数。
    param->i_keyint_max = 250;              //在此间隔设置IDR关键帧 
    param->i_keyint_min = 25;               //场景切换少于次值编码位I, 而不是 IDR.
    param->i_bframe = 3;                    //两个参考帧之间的B帧数目
    param->i_scenecut_threshold = 40;       //如何积极地插入额外的I帧 
    param->i_bframe_adaptive = X264_B_ADAPT_FAST; //自适应B帧判定1
    param->i_bframe_bias = 0;               //控制插入B帧判定,范围-100~+100,越高越容易插入B帧
    param->b_bframe_pyramid = 0;            //允许部分B为参考帧 
    param->b_deblocking_filter = 1;         //去块效应相关
    param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = 0; //[-6, 6] -6 亮度滤波器, 6 强
    param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = 0;    //[-6, 6]  同上 
    param->b_cabac = 1; //cabac的开关
    param->i_cabac_init_idc = 0;

    //码率控制
    param->rc.i_rc_method = X264_RC_CRF;      //恒定码率
    param->rc.i_bitrate = 0;                  //设置平均码率大小
    param->rc.f_rate_tolerance = 1.0;
    param->rc.i_vbv_max_bitrate = 0;          //平均码率模式下,最大瞬时码率,默认0(与-B设置相同) 
    param->rc.i_vbv_buffer_size = 0;          //码率控制缓冲区的大小,单位kbit,默认0 
    param->rc.f_vbv_buffer_init = 0.9; 
    param->rc.i_qp_constant = 23;             //最小qp值
    param->rc.f_rf_constant = 23;
    param->rc.i_qp_min = 10;                  //允许的最小量化值 
    param->rc.i_qp_max = 51;                  //允许的最大量化值
    param->rc.i_qp_step = 4;                  //帧间最大量化步长 
    param->rc.f_ip_factor = 1.4;
    param->rc.f_pb_factor = 1.3;
    param->rc.i_aq_mode = X264_AQ_VARIANCE; 
    param->rc.f_aq_strength = 1.0;
    param->rc.i_lookahead = 40;
    param->rc.b_stat_write = 0; 
    param->rc.psz_stat_out = "x264_2pass.log";
    param->rc.b_stat_read = 0;
    param->rc.psz_stat_in = "x264_2pass.log";
    param->rc.f_qcompress = 0.6; 
    param->rc.f_qblur = 0.5;                  //时间上模糊量化 
    param->rc.f_complexity_blur = 20;         //时间上模糊复杂性 
    param->rc.i_zones = 0; 
    param->rc.b_mb_tree = 1; 

    //日志 
    param->pf_log = x264_log_default;
    param->p_log_private = NULL;
    param->i_log_level = X264_LOG_INFO;       //默认为“Info”

    //分析 
    param->analyse.intra = X264_ANALYSE_I4x4 | X264_ANALYSE_I8x8;
    param->analyse.inter = X264_ANALYSE_I4x4 | X264_ANALYSE_I8x8 | X264_ANALYSE_PSUB16x16 | X264_ANALYSE_BSUB16x16;
    param->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred = X264_DIRECT_PRED_SPATIAL;//空间预测模式
    param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_HEX;      //运动估计算法HEX
    param->analyse.f_psy_rd = 1.0;
    param->analyse.b_psy = 1;
    param->analyse.f_psy_trellis = 0;
    param->analyse.i_me_range = 16;                //运动估计范围
    param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 7;            //亚像素运动估计质量 
    param->analyse.b_mixed_references = 1;         //允许每个宏块的分区在P帧有它自己的参考号
    param->analyse.b_chroma_me = 1;                //亚像素色度运动估计和P帧的模式选择 
    param->analyse.i_mv_range_thread = -1;         //线程之间的最小空间
    param->analyse.i_mv_range = -1;                //运动矢量最大长度set from level_idc
    param->analyse.i_chroma_qp_offset = 0;         //色度量化步长偏移量 
    param->analyse.b_fast_pskip = 1;               //快速P帧跳过检测
    param->analyse.b_weighted_bipred = 1;          //为b帧隐式加权 
    param->analyse.b_dct_decimate = 1;             //在P-frames转换参数域 
    param->analyse.b_transform_8x8 = 1;            //帧间分区
    param->analyse.i_trellis = 1;                  //Trellis量化,对每个8x8的块寻找合适的量化值,需要CABAC,默认0 
    param->analyse.i_luma_deadzone[0] = 21;        //帧间亮度量化中使用的无效区大小
    param->analyse.i_luma_deadzone[1] = 11;        //帧内亮度量化中使用的无效区大小
    param->analyse.b_psnr = 0;                     //是否显示PSNR
    param->analyse.b_ssim = 0;                     //是否显示SSIM

    //量化
    param->i_cqm_preset = X264_CQM_FLAT;     //自定义量化矩阵(CQM),初始化量化模式为flat 0
    memset( param->cqm_4iy, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_4ic, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_4py, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_4pc, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_8iy, 16, 64 );
    memset( param->cqm_8py, 16, 64 );         //开辟空间
    param->b_repeat_headers = 1;              //在每个关键帧前放置SPS/PPS
    param->b_aud = 0;                         //生成访问单元分隔符
}

x264_param_default_preset():设置x264的preset和tune(libx264的API)。

//设置preset,tune
int x264_param_default_preset( x264_param_t *param, const char *preset, const char *tune )
{
    x264_param_default( param );

    //设置preset
    if( preset && x264_param_apply_preset( param, preset ) < 0 )
        return -1;

    //设置tune
    if( tune && x264_param_apply_tune( param, tune ) < 0 )
        return -1;
    return 0;
}

在代码里,调用了函数x264_param_apply_preset()和x264_param_apply_tune()分别设置preset和tune。

x264_param_apply_preset():

//设置preset
static int x264_param_apply_preset( x264_param_t *param, const char *preset )
{
    char *end;
    int i = strtol( preset, &end, 10 );
    if( *end == 0 && i >= 0 && i < sizeof(x264_preset_names)/sizeof(*x264_preset_names)-1 )
        preset = x264_preset_names[i];

    //几种不同的preset设置不同的参数
    if( !strcasecmp( preset, "ultrafast" ) )
    {
        param->i_frame_reference = 1;          //参考帧的最大帧数设为1
        param->i_scenecut_threshold = 0;
        param->b_deblocking_filter = 0;        //不使用去块滤波
        param->b_cabac = 0;                    //不使用CABAC
        param->i_bframe = 0;                   //不使用B帧
        param->analyse.intra = 0;
        param->analyse.inter = 0;
        param->analyse.b_transform_8x8 = 0;      //不使用8x8DCT
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_DIA;//运动算法的选择,使用“Diamond”
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 0;
        param->rc.i_aq_mode = 0;
        param->analyse.b_mixed_references = 0;
        param->analyse.i_trellis = 0;
        param->i_bframe_adaptive = X264_B_ADAPT_NONE;
        param->rc.b_mb_tree = 0;
        param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_NONE;//不使用加权
        param->analyse.b_weighted_bipred = 0;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 0;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "superfast" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.inter = X264_ANALYSE_I8x8|X264_ANALYSE_I4x4;
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_DIA;  //钻石模板
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 1;        //亚像素运动估计质量为1
        param->i_frame_reference = 1;              //参考帧最大帧数为1
        param->analyse.b_mixed_references = 0;
        param->analyse.i_trellis = 0;
        param->rc.b_mb_tree = 0;
        param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_SIMPLE;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 0;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "veryfast" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_HEX;     //六边形模板
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 2;
        param->i_frame_reference = 1;
        param->analyse.b_mixed_references = 0;
        param->analyse.i_trellis = 0;
        param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_SIMPLE;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 10;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "faster" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.b_mixed_references = 0;
        param->i_frame_reference = 2;           //参考帧最大帧数设为2
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 4;
        param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_SIMPLE;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 20;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "fast" ) )
    {
        param->i_frame_reference = 2;
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 6;
        param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_SIMPLE;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 30;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "medium" ) )
    {
        /* Default is medium */
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "slow" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_UMH;   //UMH相对复杂
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 8;         //亚像素运动估计质量为8
        param->i_frame_reference = 5;               //参考帧的组大帧数设为5
        param->i_bframe_adaptive = X264_B_ADAPT_TRELLIS;
        param->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred = X264_DIRECT_PRED_AUTO;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 50;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "slower" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_UMH;
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 9;
        param->i_frame_reference = 8;        //参考帧的最大帧数设为8
        param->i_bframe_adaptive = X264_B_ADAPT_TRELLIS;
        param->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred = X264_DIRECT_PRED_AUTO;
        param->analyse.inter |= X264_ANALYSE_PSUB8x8;
        param->analyse.i_trellis = 2;
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 60;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "veryslow" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_UMH;
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 10;
        param->analyse.i_me_range = 24;
        param->i_frame_reference = 16;
        param->i_bframe_adaptive = X264_B_ADAPT_TRELLIS;
        param->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred = X264_DIRECT_PRED_AUTO;
        param->analyse.inter |= X264_ANALYSE_PSUB8x8;
        param->analyse.i_trellis = 2;
        param->i_bframe = 8;      //两个参考帧之间B帧为8
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 60;
    }
    else if( !strcasecmp( preset, "placebo" ) )
    {
        param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_TESA;  //TESA很慢
        param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 11;
        param->analyse.i_me_range = 24;             //运动估计范围设为24
        param->i_frame_reference = 16;              //参考帧的最大帧数设为16
        param->i_bframe_adaptive = X264_B_ADAPT_TRELLIS;
        param->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred = X264_DIRECT_PRED_AUTO;
        param->analyse.inter |= X264_ANALYSE_PSUB8x8;
        param->analyse.b_fast_pskip = 0;
        param->analyse.i_trellis = 2;
        param->i_bframe = 16;           //两个参考帧之间B帧为16
        param->rc.i_lookahead = 60;
    }
    else
    {
        x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "invalid preset '%s'\n", preset );
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

通过调节preset参数可以调整编码速度和质量之间的平衡。它的具体参数有ultrafast、superfast、veryfast、faster、fast、medium、slow、slower、placebo。这些参数的编码速度从快到慢,默认值是medium。

x264_param_apply_tune():

//设置tune
static int x264_param_apply_tune( x264_param_t *param, const char *tune )
{
    char *tmp = x264_malloc( strlen( tune ) + 1 );
    if( !tmp )
        return -1;
    tmp = strcpy( tmp, tune );
    //分解一个字符串为一个字符串数组。第2个参数为分隔符
    char *s = strtok( tmp, ",./-+" );
    int psy_tuning_used = 0;

    //设置
    //这里是循环的,可以设置多次
    while( s )
    {
        if( !strncasecmp( s, "film", 4 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = -1;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = -1;
            param->analyse.f_psy_trellis = 0.15;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "animation", 9 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->i_frame_reference = param->i_frame_reference > 1 ? param->i_frame_reference*2 : 1;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = 1;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = 1;
            param->analyse.f_psy_rd = 0.4;
            param->rc.f_aq_strength = 0.6;
            param->i_bframe += 2;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "grain", 5 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = -2;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = -2;
            param->analyse.f_psy_trellis = 0.25;
            param->analyse.b_dct_decimate = 0;
            param->rc.f_pb_factor = 1.1;
            param->rc.f_ip_factor = 1.1;
            param->rc.f_aq_strength = 0.5;
            param->analyse.i_luma_deadzone[0] = 6;
            param->analyse.i_luma_deadzone[1] = 6;
            param->rc.f_qcompress = 0.8;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "stillimage", 10 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = -3;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = -3;
            param->analyse.f_psy_rd = 2.0;
            param->analyse.f_psy_trellis = 0.7;
            param->rc.f_aq_strength = 1.2;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "psnr", 4 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->rc.i_aq_mode = X264_AQ_NONE;
            param->analyse.b_psy = 0;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "ssim", 4 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->rc.i_aq_mode = X264_AQ_AUTOVARIANCE;
            param->analyse.b_psy = 0;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "fastdecode", 10 ) )
        {
            param->b_deblocking_filter = 0;
            param->b_cabac = 0;
            param->analyse.b_weighted_bipred = 0;
            param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_NONE;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "zerolatency", 11 ) )
        {
            //zerolatency速度快
            param->rc.i_lookahead = 0;
            param->i_sync_lookahead = 0;
            param->i_bframe = 0;     //不使用B帧
            param->b_sliced_threads = 1;
            param->b_vfr_input = 0;
            param->rc.b_mb_tree = 0;
        }
        else if( !strncasecmp( s, "touhou", 6 ) )
        {
            if( psy_tuning_used++ ) goto psy_failure;
            param->i_frame_reference = param->i_frame_reference > 1 ? param->i_frame_reference*2 : 1;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = -1;
            param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = -1;
            param->analyse.f_psy_trellis = 0.2;
            param->rc.f_aq_strength = 1.3;
            if( param->analyse.inter & X264_ANALYSE_PSUB16x16 )
                param->analyse.inter |= X264_ANALYSE_PSUB8x8;
        }
        else
        {
            x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "invalid tune '%s'\n", s );
            x264_free( tmp );
            return -1;
        }
        if( 0 )
        {
    psy_failure:
            x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_WARNING, "only 1 psy tuning can be used: ignoring tune %s\n", s );
        }
        s = strtok( NULL, ",./-+" );
    }
    x264_free( tmp );
    return 0;
}

    tune的参数值有:

      film:电影、真人类型;

      animation:动画;

      grain:需要保留大量的颗粒时使用;

      stillimage:静态图像编码时使用;

      psnr:为提高峰值信噪比(psnr)做优化的参数;

      ssim:为提高ssim做优化的参数(ssim:衡量两图图像相似度的指标,值越大越好,最大为1);

      fastdecode:可以快速解码的参数;

      zerolatency:零延迟,可以减少音视频的不同步;

 

x264_param_apply_profile():设置x264的profile(x264的API)。

//设置profile
int x264_param_apply_profile( x264_param_t *param, const char *profile )
{
    if( !profile )
        return 0;
    //字符串到整型
    int p = profile_string_to_int( profile );
    //检查profile设置是否正确
    if( p < 0 )
    {
        x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "invalid profile: %s\n", profile );
        return -1;
    }
    if( p < PROFILE_HIGH444_PREDICTIVE && ((param->rc.i_rc_method == X264_RC_CQP && param->rc.i_qp_constant <= 0) ||
        (param->rc.i_rc_method == X264_RC_CRF && (int)(param->rc.f_rf_constant + QP_BD_OFFSET) <= 0)) )
    {
        x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "%s profile doesn't support lossless\n", profile );
        return -1;
    }
    if( p < PROFILE_HIGH444_PREDICTIVE && (param->i_csp & X264_CSP_MASK) >= X264_CSP_I444 )
    {
        x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "%s profile doesn't support 4:4:4\n", profile );
        return -1;
    }
    if( p < PROFILE_HIGH422 && (param->i_csp & X264_CSP_MASK) >= X264_CSP_I422 )
    {
        x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "%s profile doesn't support 4:2:2\n", profile );
        return -1;
    }
    if( p < PROFILE_HIGH10 && BIT_DEPTH > 8 )
    {
        x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "%s profile doesn't support a bit depth of %d\n", profile, BIT_DEPTH );
        return -1;
    }
    //根据不同的Profile做设置
    //Baseline基本型
    if( p == PROFILE_BASELINE )
    {
    	//不支持DCT8x8
        param->analyse.b_transform_8x8 = 0;
        //不使用CABAC
        param->b_cabac = 0;
        param->i_cqm_preset = X264_CQM_FLAT;
        param->psz_cqm_file = NULL;
        //没有B帧
        param->i_bframe = 0;
        //没有加权
        param->analyse.i_weighted_pred = X264_WEIGHTP_NONE;
        //不支持隔行扫描
        if( param->b_interlaced )
        {
            x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "baseline profile doesn't support interlacing\n" );
            return -1;
        }
        if( param->b_fake_interlaced )
        {
            x264_log( NULL, X264_LOG_ERROR, "baseline profile doesn't support fake interlacing\n" );
            return -1;
        }
    }
    //Main主型
    else if( p == PROFILE_MAIN )
    {
    	//不支持DCT8x8
        param->analyse.b_transform_8x8 = 0;
        param->i_cqm_preset = X264_CQM_FLAT;
        param->psz_cqm_file = NULL;
    }
    return 0;
}

    其函数内部调用profile_string_to_int():

static int profile_string_to_int( const char *str )
{
    if( !strcasecmp( str, "baseline" ) )
        return PROFILE_BASELINE;
    if( !strcasecmp( str, "main" ) )
        return PROFILE_MAIN;
    if( !strcasecmp( str, "high" ) )
        return PROFILE_HIGH;
    if( !strcasecmp( str, "high10" ) )
        return PROFILE_HIGH10;
    if( !strcasecmp( str, "high422" ) )
        return PROFILE_HIGH422;
    if( !strcasecmp( str, "high444" ) )
        return PROFILE_HIGH444_PREDICTIVE;
    return -1;
}

 

(3)最后根据设定的编码器参数,对输入的视频文件进行H264视频算法编码,编码后的H264码流写入文件。

encode()函数:编码YUV为H264,源代码如下:

static int encode( x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt )  //编码器(内部有循环用于一帧一帧编码)
{
    x264_t *h = NULL;     //编码器句柄
    x264_picture_t pic;   //当前的编码帧
    cli_pic_t cli_pic;    
    const cli_pulldown_t *pulldown = NULL; 

    int     i_frame = 0;      //编码帧数目统计
    int     i_frame_output = 0;    
    int64_t i_end, i_previous = 0, i_start = 0;    //编码时间统计
    int64_t i_file = 0;     //当前NAL打包的长度
    int     i_frame_size;   //编码后的码流长度
    int64_t last_dts = 0;   
    int64_t prev_dts = 0;
    int64_t first_dts = 0;

    int     pts_warning_cnt = 0;
    int64_t largest_pts = -1;
    int64_t second_largest_pts = -1;
    int64_t ticks_per_frame;
    double  duration;
    double  pulldown_pts = 0;
    int     retval = 0;

    opt->b_progress &= param->i_log_level < X264_LOG_DEBUG;  //调试信息等级

    if( opt->i_pulldown && !param->b_vfr_input )     
    {
        param->b_pulldown = 1;
        param->b_pic_struct = 1;
        pulldown = &pulldown_values[opt->i_pulldown];
        param->i_timebase_num = param->i_fps_den;
        FAIL_IF_ERROR2( fmod( param->i_fps_num * pulldown->fps_factor, 1 ), "unsupported framerate for chosen pulldown\n" )
        param->i_timebase_den = param->i_fps_num * pulldown->fps_factor;
    }
   
    h = x264_encoder_open( param );    //打开编码器
    FAIL_IF_ERROR2( !h, "x264_encoder_open failed\n" );
   
    x264_encoder_parameters( h, param );     //获得参数
    FAIL_IF_ERROR2( cli_output.set_param( opt->hout, param ), "can't set outfile param\n" );
    
    i_start = x264_mdate();   //计时,读取当前系统时间
    ticks_per_frame = (int64_t)param->i_timebase_den * param->i_fps_den / param->i_timebase_num / param->i_fps_num;
    FAIL_IF_ERROR2( ticks_per_frame < 1 && !param->b_vfr_input, "ticks_per_frame invalid: %"PRId64"\n",ticks_per_frame )
    ticks_per_frame = X264_MAX( ticks_per_frame, 1 );

    //如果不是在每个keyframe前面都增加SPS/PPS/SEI的话,就在整个码流前面加SPS/PPS/SEI;Header指的就是SPS/PPS/SEI
    if( !param->b_repeat_headers )
    {
        x264_nal_t *headers;
        int i_nal;
       
        FAIL_IF_ERROR2( x264_encoder_headers( h, &headers, &i_nal ) < 0, "x264_encoder_headers failed\n" )
        FAIL_IF_ERROR2( (i_file = cli_output.write_headers( opt->hout, headers )) < 0, "error writing headers to output file\n" );
    }

    if( opt->tcfile_out )
        fprintf( opt->tcfile_out, "# timecode format v2\n" );

    for( ; !b_ctrl_c && (i_frame < param->i_frame_total || !param->i_frame_total); i_frame++ )  //循环编码所有帧
    {
        if( filter.get_frame( opt->hin, &cli_pic, i_frame + opt->i_seek ) )    //获取1帧YUV数据,存于cli_pic
            break;
       
        x264_picture_init( &pic );    //初始化x264_picture_t结构体pic
        convert_cli_to_lib_pic( &pic, &cli_pic );

        if( !param->b_vfr_input )
            pic.i_pts = i_frame;

        if( opt->i_pulldown && !param->b_vfr_input )
        {
            pic.i_pic_struct = pulldown->pattern[ i_frame % pulldown->mod ];
            pic.i_pts = (int64_t)( pulldown_pts + 0.5 );
            pulldown_pts += pulldown_frame_duration[pic.i_pic_struct];
        }
        else if( opt->timebase_convert_multiplier )
            pic.i_pts = (int64_t)( pic.i_pts * opt->timebase_convert_multiplier + 0.5 );

        if( pic.i_pts <= largest_pts )
        {
            if( cli_log_level >= X264_LOG_DEBUG || pts_warning_cnt < MAX_PTS_WARNING )
                x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_WARNING, "non-strictly-monotonic pts at frame %d (%"PRId64" <= %"PRId64")\n",i_frame, pic.i_pts, largest_pts );
            else if( pts_warning_cnt == MAX_PTS_WARNING )
                x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_WARNING, "too many nonmonotonic pts warnings, suppressing further ones\n" );
            pts_warning_cnt++;
            pic.i_pts = largest_pts + ticks_per_frame;
        }

        second_largest_pts = largest_pts;
        largest_pts = pic.i_pts;
        if( opt->tcfile_out )
            fprintf( opt->tcfile_out, "%.6f\n", pic.i_pts * ((double)param->i_timebase_num / param->i_timebase_den) * 1e3 );

        if( opt->qpfile )
            parse_qpfile( opt, &pic, i_frame + opt->i_seek );

        prev_dts = last_dts;
        
        i_frame_size = encode_frame( h, opt->hout, &pic, &last_dts );   //编码pic中存储的1帧YUV数据
        if( i_frame_size < 0 )
        {
            b_ctrl_c = 1; /* lie to exit the loop */
            retval = -1;
        }
        else if( i_frame_size )
        {
            i_file += i_frame_size;
            i_frame_output++;
            if( i_frame_output == 1 )
                first_dts = prev_dts = last_dts;
        }
      
        if( filter.release_frame( opt->hin, &cli_pic, i_frame + opt->i_seek ) )    //释放处理完的YUV数据
            break;

        if( opt->b_progress && i_frame_output )
            i_previous = print_status( i_start, i_previous, i_frame_output, param->i_frame_total, i_file, param, 2 * last_dts - prev_dts - first_dts );
    }
   
    while( !b_ctrl_c && x264_encoder_delayed_frames( h ) )       //x264_encoder_delayed_frames()返回剩余的帧的个数
    {
        prev_dts = last_dts;
        
        i_frame_size = encode_frame( h, opt->hout, NULL, &last_dts );      //编码
        if( i_frame_size < 0 )
        {
            b_ctrl_c = 1; 
            retval = -1;
        }
        else if( i_frame_size )
        {
            i_file += i_frame_size;
            i_frame_output++;
            if( i_frame_output == 1 )
                first_dts = prev_dts = last_dts;
        }
       
        if( opt->b_progress && i_frame_output )    //输出一些统计信息
            i_previous = print_status( i_start, i_previous, i_frame_output, param->i_frame_total, i_file, param, 2 * last_dts - prev_dts - first_dts );
    }
fail:
    if( pts_warning_cnt >= MAX_PTS_WARNING && cli_log_level < X264_LOG_DEBUG )
        x264_cli_log( "x264", X264_LOG_WARNING, "%d suppressed nonmonotonic pts warnings\n", pts_warning_cnt-MAX_PTS_WARNING );

    if( i_frame_output == 1 )
        duration = (double)param->i_fps_den / param->i_fps_num;
    else if( b_ctrl_c )
        duration = (double)(2 * last_dts - prev_dts - first_dts) * param->i_timebase_num / param->i_timebase_den;
    else
        duration = (double)(2 * largest_pts - second_largest_pts) * param->i_timebase_num / param->i_timebase_den;
    
    i_end = x264_mdate();     //获取系统时间,计时
 
    if( opt->b_progress )
        fprintf( stderr, "                                                                               \r" );
   
    if( h )
        x264_encoder_close( h );     //关闭编码器
    fprintf( stderr, "\n" );

    if( b_ctrl_c )
        fprintf( stderr, "aborted at input frame %d, output frame %d\n", opt->i_seek + i_frame, i_frame_output );
    
    cli_output.close_file( opt->hout, largest_pts, second_largest_pts );
    opt->hout = NULL;

    if( i_frame_output > 0 )
    {
        double fps = (double)i_frame_output * (double)1000000/(double)( i_end - i_start );
        fprintf( stderr, "encoded %d frames, %.2f fps, %.2f kb/s\n", i_frame_output, fps,(double) i_file * 8 / ( 1000 * duration ) );
    }
    return retval;
}

encode()函数的基本流程:

    调用x264_encoder_open()函数打开编码器;

    调用x264_encoder_parameters()获得当前参数集x264_param_t;

    调用x264_encoder_headers()在码流前面加入SPS/PPS/SEI信息;

    调用encode_frame()进入循环一帧一帧的编码;

    调用printf_status()输出编码后的统计信息;

    调用x264_encode_close()关闭编码器;

 

encode_frame()函数:编码一帧数据,内部调用x264_encoder_encode()函数。代码:

static int encode_frame( x264_t *h, hnd_t hout, x264_picture_t *pic, int64_t *last_dts )
{
    x264_picture_t pic_out;     //待编码帧
    x264_nal_t *nal;            //NAL打包指针
    int i_nal;         //NAL的数目
    int i_frame_size = 0;
   
    i_frame_size = x264_encoder_encode( h, &nal, &i_nal, pic, &pic_out );   //编码x264_picture_t为x264_nal_t
    FAIL_IF_ERROR( i_frame_size < 0, "x264_encoder_encode failed\n" );     //编码失败,输出当前信息

    if( i_frame_size )
    {
        i_frame_size = cli_output.write_frame( hout, nal[0].p_payload, i_frame_size, &pic_out );
        *last_dts = pic_out.i_dts;
    }
    return i_frame_size;
}

printf_status()函数:输出一帧数据编码后的统计信息。代码:

static int64_t print_status( int64_t i_start, int64_t i_previous, int i_frame, int i_frame_total, int64_t i_file, x264_param_t *param, int64_t last_ts )
{
    char buf[200];
    int64_t i_time = x264_mdate();
    if( i_previous && i_time - i_previous < UPDATE_INTERVAL )
        return i_previous;
    int64_t i_elapsed = i_time - i_start;
    double fps = i_elapsed > 0 ? i_frame * 1000000. / i_elapsed : 0;
    double bitrate;
    if( last_ts )
        bitrate = (double) i_file * 8 / ( (double) last_ts * 1000 * param->i_timebase_num / param->i_timebase_den );
    else
        bitrate = (double) i_file * 8 / ( (double) 1000 * param->i_fps_den / param->i_fps_num );
    if( i_frame_total )
    {
        int eta = i_elapsed * (i_frame_total - i_frame) / ((int64_t)i_frame * 1000000);
        sprintf( buf, "x264 [%.1f%%] %d/%d frames, %.2f fps, %.2f kb/s, eta %d:%02d:%02d",
                 100. * i_frame / i_frame_total, i_frame, i_frame_total, fps, bitrate,
                 eta/3600, (eta/60)%60, eta%60 );
    }
    else
        sprintf( buf, "x264 %d frames: %.2f fps, %.2f kb/s", i_frame, fps, bitrate );
    
    fprintf( stderr, "%s  \r", buf+5 );
    x264_cli_set_console_title( buf );
    fflush( stderr ); // needed in windows
    return i_time;
}

运行编码函数,编码成功时,我们可以看到这个函数打印的一些信息。

 

 

 


原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/xue0708/p/11962210.html
如有疑问请与原作者联系

标签:WindowsimgIEtimemAV

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