Java-关于接口调用的处理

2019-09-04 07:19:30来源:博客园 阅读 ()

Java-关于接口调用的处理

前言:这是我的第一篇博文,是我对现在一些接口调用的梳理,写的不好,请见谅。

序:接口无非就是“你调用别人的接口”和“别人调用你的接口”,我会对这两种情况分别的理一下我的思路。

准备:我使用的是HttpClient,它的特性是实现了Http全部的方法和支持HTTPS协议,是一种比较纯净的JAVA语言。

一、“你调用别人的接口”:

我这里提供的方法是POST和GET的方法.

使用HttpClient发送请求、接收响应很简单,一般需要如下几步即可。

1. 创建HttpClient对象。

2. 创建请求方法的实例,并指定请求URL。如果需要发送GET请求,创建HttpGet对象;如果需要发送POST请求,创建HttpPost对象。

3. 如果需要发送请求参数,我使用的是List<NameValuePair>,采用键值对的形式

4. 释放连接。无论执行方法是否成功,都必须释放连接

来个代码进行讨论把,我会在代码里面进行详细的讲解,这里主要是post和get的方法.

1.先来一个常量类:

/*************************************************接口部分**************************************************/
    
    /**
     * 请求正常
     */
    public static final int SUCCESS = 200;
    
    /**
     * 请求参数有误
     */
    public static final int PARAMETER_EXCEPTION = 400;
    
    /**
     * 认证失败
     */
    public static final int AUTHENTICATION_FAILED = 401;
    
    /**
     * 请求地址错误或不存在
     */
    public static final int ADDRESS_EXCEPTION = 404;
    
    /**
     * 请求地址错误或不存在
     */
    public static final int SERVER_EXCEPTION = 500;
    
    
    /**
     * 接口状态码判断
     */
    public static String putThrowException(int statusCode) {
        String e = "";
        if(PARAMETER_EXCEPTION == statusCode) {
            e = "请求参数有误";
        }else if(AUTHENTICATION_FAILED == statusCode) {
            e = "认证失败";
        }else if(ADDRESS_EXCEPTION == statusCode) {
            e = "请求地址错误或不存在";
        }else if(SERVER_EXCEPTION == statusCode) {
            e = "服务器状态异常";
        }
        return e;
    }    /**
     * Token元素
     */
    public static final String USERNAME = "tianxun";
    public static final String PASSWORD = "123456";
    public static final String token = "dGlhbnh1biUzQTEyMzQ1Ng==";

 

2.接口类:

package cn.tisson.bycs.utils;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLException;

import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpException;
import org.apache.http.Consts;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntityEnclosingRequest;
import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.NoHttpResponseException;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpRequestRetryHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.client.protocol.HttpClientContext;
import org.apache.http.client.utils.URIUtils;
import org.apache.http.client.utils.URLEncodedUtils;
import org.apache.http.conn.ConnectTimeoutException;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import cn.tisson.bycs.cst.Constants;

/**
 *     接口常用工具类
 * @author zahngrh
 *
 */
public class serviceUtils {
    
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(serviceUtils.class);
    
    /**
     * Base64加密Token
     * @return
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException
     */
    public static String getBase64() throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        String str = Constants.USERNAME+":"+Constants.PASSWORD;
        final byte[] textByte = str.getBytes("UTF-8");
        String result= Base64.encodeBase64String(textByte);
        return result;
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        System.out.println(getBase64());
    }
    
    /**
     * 设置超时重试
     */
    public static HttpRequestRetryHandler myRetryHandler = new HttpRequestRetryHandler() {
        @Override
        public boolean retryRequest(IOException exception,int executionCount,HttpContext context) {
            System.out.println("............................第"+executionCount+"次重试");
        if (executionCount >= 3) {
            return false;
        }else if(exception instanceof UnknownHostException || exception instanceof ConnectTimeoutException
                || !(exception instanceof SSLException) || exception instanceof NoHttpResponseException) {
            return true;
        }
            HttpClientContext clientContext = HttpClientContext.adapt(context);
            HttpRequest request = clientContext.getRequest();
            boolean idempotent = !(request instanceof HttpEntityEnclosingRequest);
            if (idempotent) {
            //如果请求被认为是等幂,则重试
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        }
    };
    
    /**
     * 接口请求工具类
     */
    public static Map<String,String> requestResult(Map<String,String> map,String putType,String url) throws HttpException, IOException {
            
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        
        int statusCode = 0; // 状态码
        
        String content =""; // 返回结果
        
        Map<String,String> resultMap = new HashMap();
        
        // 创建httpclient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        
        // 设置参数
        List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairs = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
        
        for(String key:map.keySet()) {
            nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair(key,map.get(key).toString()));
        }
        
        String str = EntityUtils.toString(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs,Consts.UTF_8));
        
        // 设置超时时间
        RequestConfig requestConfig = RequestConfig.custom()
                .setSocketTimeout(5000)
                .setConnectTimeout(5000)
                .setConnectionRequestTimeout(5000)
                .build();
        
        
        if(putType != null && "post".equals(putType)){
            
            // 请求URL地址
            HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);
            
            httpPost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs,Consts.UTF_8));
            
            // 设置Token
            httpPost.setHeader("token",Constants.token);
            
            httpPost.setConfig(requestConfig);
            
            httpClient = HttpClients.custom().setRetryHandler(serviceUtils.myRetryHandler).build();
            
            try {
                response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
                
                // 接收状态码
                statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
                
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            
        }else if(putType != null && "get".equals(putType)) {
            
            // 请求URL地址
            HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(url+"?"+str);
            
            // 设置Token
            httpGet.setHeader("token",Constants.token);
            
            httpGet.setConfig(requestConfig);
            
            httpClient = HttpClients.custom().setRetryHandler(serviceUtils.myRetryHandler).build();
            
            try {
                response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);
                
                // 接收状态码
                statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
                
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        
        // 判断状态码
        
        if (Constants.SUCCESS == statusCode) {
            
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            
            content = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
            
            logger.info(content);
            
        } else {
            
            //logger.error("状态码:"+Constants.putThrowException(statusCode));
        } 
        
        resultMap.put("statusCode", String.valueOf(statusCode));
        resultMap.put("result", content);
        
        try {
            // 释放client
            httpClient.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            logger.error("http接口调用异常:url is::" + url, e);
        }
                    
        return resultMap;
    }
    
}

3.对于接口类的调用:

/**
*根据业务使用接口,对返回值进行自我的调整
**/
public static void main(String[] args) throws HttpException, IOException { Map<String,String> paraMap = new HashMap(); paraMap.put("type", "1"); System.out.println(serviceUtils.requestResult(paraMap, "post", "https://api.apiopen.top/musicRankingsDetails")); }

 一、“别人调用你的接口”:

别人调用你的接口,你需要:

1.token的验证(业务需求)的返回

2.参数的验证的返回

3.内部错误的返回

4.正确结果的返回

这时候你需要先写一个"情况返回的类"对各种错误信息和正确信息的返回

1.处理类

package cn.tisson.bycs.utils.exception;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONException;  
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;  
import org.slf4j.Logger;  
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;  
import org.springframework.web.bind.MissingServletRequestParameterException;  
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;  
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler;  
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseStatus;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; 

@ControllerAdvice
public class GlobalExceptionHandler {
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(GlobalExceptionHandler.class);
    
    /**
     * <p>判断参数是否为空</p></br>
     * <p>如果为空,返回resultCode=400和具体信息,</p></br>
     * <p>如果不为空,则返回resultCode=0。</p>
     * @Title: isEmpty 
     * @Description: TODO
     * @param @param param
     * @param @return
     * @return Hashtable<String,Object>
     * @throws 
     * @author zhangrh
     */
    public Hashtable<String, Object> isEmpty(Map<String, Map<String, String>> param) {
        Hashtable<String, Object> resultHt = new Hashtable<String, Object>();
        int resultCode = 0;
        List<Map<String, String>> list = new ArrayList<>();
        Set<String> set = param.keySet();
        Iterator<String> iterator = set.iterator();
        while(iterator.hasNext()) {
            String paramName = iterator.next();
            Map<String, String> m = param.get(paramName);
            Set<String> s = m.keySet();
            Iterator<String> iter = s.iterator();
            while(iter.hasNext()) {
                String describe = iter.next();
                if(m.get(describe) == null || "".equals(m.get(describe))) {
                    resultCode = 400;
                    Map<String, String> detail = new HashMap<>();
                    detail.put("objectName", paramName);
                    detail.put("defaultMessage", describe);
                    detail.put("error", describe + "不能为空");
                    list.add(detail);
                }
            }
        }
        if(resultCode == 400) {
            resultHt.put("resultMsg", "请求参数有误");
            resultHt.put("detail", list);
        }
        resultHt.put("resultCode", resultCode);
        return resultHt;
        
    }

    /**
     * 接口有参数未传
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = MissingServletRequestParameterException.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public JSONObject missActionParam(HttpServletRequest req, List<Map<String, Object>> list) throws Exception {
        return makeErrorObj("参数异常", "400", req, null, list);
    }

    /**
     * 服务器内部错误
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = NullPointerException.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public JSONObject error(HttpServletRequest req) throws Exception {
        Map<String,Object> resultMap = new HashMap<>();
        return makeErrorObj("服务器内部错误", "500",req, resultMap, null);
    }
    
    /**
     * token验证错误
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = NullPointerException.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public JSONObject tokenException(HttpServletRequest req,Map<String,Object> resultMap) throws Exception {
        return makeErrorObj("token验证失败","401", req,resultMap, null);
    }
    
    /**
     * 正常执行
     */
    @ResponseBody
    public JSONObject success(HttpServletRequest req,Map<String,Object> resultMap){
        return makeErrorObj("执行成功","200", req,resultMap, null);
    }




    /**
     * 构造错误信息
     * 
     * @param msg 错误描述
     * @param e   异常信息
     * @return
     */
    @ResponseBody
    private JSONObject makeErrorObj(String msg,String status, HttpServletRequest req,Map<String,Object> resultMap, List<Map<String, Object>> list) {
        JSONObject obj = new JSONObject();
        // 日期格式化
        SimpleDateFormat sdf =new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss" );
        String timestamp = sdf.format(new Date());
        if("200".equals(status)) {
            for(String key : resultMap.keySet()) {
                obj.put(key,resultMap.get(key));
            }
        }else {
            obj.put("errors", list);
            obj.put("status", status);
            obj.put("msg", msg);
            obj.put("path", req.getRequestURL());
            obj.put("timestamp", timestamp);
        }
        return obj;
    }

}

 

2.写一个Controller方法,让别人调用我的接口

@SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked" })
    @RequestMapping(value = "/queryCheckPassengers", method = { RequestMethod.GET })   //这个一个get请求的方法,如果是post== RequestMethod.POST
    @ResponseBody public JSONObject  queryCheckPassengers(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response,Map<String, String> resultMap)throws Exception{
        // 验证token
        String tokenStr = request.getHeader("token");
        if(!Constants.token.equals(tokenStr)) {
            response.setStatus(401);
            return new GlobalExceptionHandler().tokenException(request, new HashMap<String, Object>());
        }
        
        try{
            Map<String, Map<String, String>> pMap = new HashMap<>();
            Map<String, String> m = new HashMap<>();
            
            //数据
            String flightNum =  request.getParameter("flightNum");  //航班号
            String flightDate =  request.getParameter("flightDate");  //航班日期,格式YYYY-MM-DD
            String passengerCheckInNumber =  request.getParameter("passengerCheckInNumber");  //值机序号
            String flightBoardingCode =  request.getParameter("flightBoardingCode");  //始发地(城市名称、3字码)
            
            
            m.put("航班号", flightNum);
            pMap.put("flightNum", m);
            
            m = new HashMap<>();
            m.put("航班日期", flightDate);
            pMap.put("flightDate", m);
                        
            m = new HashMap<>();
            m.put("值机序号", passengerCheckInNumber);
            pMap.put("passengerCheckInNumber", m);
            
            m = new HashMap<>();
            m.put("始发地", flightBoardingCode);
            pMap.put("flightBoardingCode", m);
            
            Hashtable<String, Object> ht = new GlobalExceptionHandler().isEmpty(pMap);
            if(ht.get("resultCode").toString().equals("400")) {
                response.setStatus(400);
                return new GlobalExceptionHandler().missActionParam(request, (List<Map<String, Object>>)ht.get("detail"));
            }else { 
//这里是你需要返回的信息 Map<String, Object> result = checkActionTypeStub.queryCheckPassengers(flightNum, flightDate, passengerCheckInNumber, flightBoardingCode); response.setStatus(200); return new GlobalExceptionHandler().success(request, result); } }catch (Exception e) { response.setStatus(500); e.printStackTrace(); return new GlobalExceptionHandler().error(request); } }

说明:别人调用你的接口,有提供一个api的和提供一个controller的方式,这里是提供一个controller的方式,你需要的是提供IP和端口,加上你的类名和方法名

例:http://172.16.31.199:8080/passton/queryCheckPassengers

总结:在这里就是对我的一些对接口的应用了,初次写作,还很潦草,就当是我的一次记录吧。


 


原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhangrhua/p/11454397.html
如有疑问请与原作者联系

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