java性能分析 - CPU飙高分析工具

2020-01-12 16:01:31来源:博客园 阅读 ()

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java性能分析 - CPU飙高分析工具

背景

有处理过生产问题的同学基本都能遇到系统忽然缓慢,CPU突然飙升,甚至整个应用请求不可用。当出现这种情况下,在不影响数据准确性的前提下,我们应该尽快导出jstack和内存信息,然后重启系统,尽快回复系统的可用性,避免用户体验过差。本文针对CPU飙升问题,提供该问题的排查思路,从而能够快速定位到某线程甚至某快代码导致CPU飙升,从而提供处理该问题的思路。

排查过程

  1. 通过top命令查看cpu飙升的java进程pid
  2. 通过ps -mp [pid] -o THREAD,tid,time查看该进程下所拥有的线程及各个线程占用cpu的使用率,并且记录CPU使用率过高的线程ID号
  3. 将线程ID号转换为16进程的数值记为tid_hex
  4. 使用jdk自带jstack监控命令
  5. 使用命令jstack [pid] | grep tid_hex -A100命令输出该线程的堆栈信息
  6. 根据堆栈信息分析代码。

通过以上步骤可以查找出导致cpu飙升的相关代码位置,然后对代码进行code review即可。

工具封装

  1. 以上步骤已经封装为脚本文件,通过以下脚本文件只需要指定进程ID即pid即可导出默认前5条导致CPU率过高的堆栈信息。
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./java-thread-top.sh -p pid
#!/bin/bash
# @Function
# Find out the highest cpu consumed threads of java processes, and print the stack of these threads.
# @github https://github.com/cjunn/script_tool/
# @author cjunn
# @date Sun Jan 12 2020 21:08:58 GMT+0800
#

pid='';
count=5;
#1.Collect script parameters
#2.Check whether PID exists
if [ $# -gt 0 ];
then
    while true; do
        case "$1" in
        -c|--count)
            count="$2"
            shift 2
            ;;
        -p|--pid)
            pid="$2"
            shift 2
            ;;
        -h|--help)
            usage
            ;;
        --)
            shift
            break
            ;;
        *)
            if [ -z "$1" ] ; then
                break
            fi
            ;;
        esac
    done
fi
if  [ ! -n "$pid" ] ;then
    echo "error: -p is empty"
    exit 1;
fi

function usage(){
    echo <<EOF
Usage: ${PROG} [OPTION]
Find out the highest cpu consumed threads of java processes,
and print the stack of these threads.
Example:
  ${PROG} -p <pid> -c 5      # show top 5 busy java threads info
Output control:
  -p, --pid <java pid>      find out the highest cpu consumed threads from
                            the specified java process.
                            default from all java process.
  -c, --count <num>         set the thread count to show, default is 5.
Miscellaneous:
  -h, --help                display this help and exit.
EOF
}

function worker(){
    #1.Query all threads according to PID.
    #2.Delete header and first line information.
    #3.According to the second column of CPU to sort, reverse display.
    #4.Delete the count + 1 to last column based on the count value.
    #5.Get CPU utilization, TID value, thread used time, and assign them to CPU, TID, time respectively.
    #6.Perform hex conversion on TID.
    #7.Use JDK to monitor all threads of jstack output PID.
    #8.Use awk to regularly query the thread information of tid_hex required.
    #9.Display the stack information of count before thread busy.
    local whilec=0;
    ps -mp $pid -o THREAD,tid,time | sed '1,2d' | sort  -k 2 -n -r |sed $[$count+1]',$d' | awk '{print $2,$8,$9}' | while read cpu tid time
    do
            tid_hex=$(printf "%x" $tid);
            echo "====================== tid:${tid}  tid_hex:${tid_hex}  cpu:${cpu}  time:${time} ======================";
            jstack $pid | awk 'BEGIN {RS = "\n\n+";ORS = "\n\n"} /'${tid_hex}'/ {print $0}'
            echo "";
            echo "";
            whilec=$[$whilec+1];
    done
    if [ $whilec -eq 0 ] ; then
        echo "error : thread not found, make sure pid exists.";
    fi

}
worker

原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/cjunn/p/12185276.html
如有疑问请与原作者联系

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