mybatis - 执行 getById

2020-02-12 16:02:05来源:博客园 阅读 ()

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mybatis - 执行 getById

1. getById 的执行

前面一篇 提到过, Mapper.java 创建的时候, 会通过 jdk 代理的方式来创建, 且代理处理类为: MapperProxy .

所以当执行 UserMapper 的 getById 方法的时候, 就会去 MapperProxy 中执行 invoke 方法.

  //MapperProxy.java 
  @Override
  public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
    try {
      if (Object.class.equals(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
        return method.invoke(this, args);
      } else if (isDefaultMethod(method)) {
        return invokeDefaultMethod(proxy, method, args);
      }
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      throw ExceptionUtil.unwrapThrowable(t);
    }
    final MapperMethod mapperMethod = cachedMapperMethod(method);
    return mapperMethod.execute(sqlSession, args);
  }

 

cachedMapperMethod 方法是做了一层缓存处理. 先从缓存中获取, 如果获取不到, 再创建 MapperMethod 对象.
  private MapperMethod cachedMapperMethod(Method method) {
    MapperMethod mapperMethod = methodCache.get(method);
    if (mapperMethod == null) {
      mapperMethod = new MapperMethod(mapperInterface, method, sqlSession.getConfiguration());
      methodCache.put(method, mapperMethod);
    }
    return mapperMethod;
  }

 

接下来看一下 MapperMethod.execute() 方法. 这个方法中, 会看到我们期待的东西.

  public Object execute(SqlSession sqlSession, Object[] args) {
    Object result;
    switch (command.getType()) {
      case INSERT: {
      Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
        result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.insert(command.getName(), param));
        break;
      }
      case UPDATE: {
        Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
        result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.update(command.getName(), param));
        break;
      }
      case DELETE: {
        Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
        result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.delete(command.getName(), param));
        break;
      }
      case SELECT:
        if (method.returnsVoid() && method.hasResultHandler()) {
          executeWithResultHandler(sqlSession, args);
          result = null;
        } else if (method.returnsMany()) {
          result = executeForMany(sqlSession, args);
        } else if (method.returnsMap()) {
          result = executeForMap(sqlSession, args);
        } else if (method.returnsCursor()) {
          result = executeForCursor(sqlSession, args);
        } else {
      //对参数进行处理 Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args); result = sqlSession.selectOne(command.getName(), param); } break; case FLUSH: result = sqlSession.flushStatements(); break; default: throw new BindingException("Unknown execution method for: " + command.getName()); } if (result == null && method.getReturnType().isPrimitive() && !method.returnsVoid()) { throw new BindingException("Mapper method '" + command.getName() + " attempted to return null from a method with a primitive return type (" + method.getReturnType() + ")."); } return result; }

getById 在这里会调用 SqlSessionTemplate 的 selectOne 方法. 

  //SqlSessionTemplate.java  
  @Override
  public <T> T selectOne(String statement, Object parameter) {
    return this.sqlSessionProxy.<T> selectOne(statement, parameter);
  }

前面解析过, sqlSessionProxy.selectOne 的时候, 会去  SqlSessionInterceptor 中执行 invoke() 方法.

  private class SqlSessionInterceptor implements InvocationHandler {
    @Override
    public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
      SqlSession sqlSession = getSqlSession(
          SqlSessionTemplate.this.sqlSessionFactory,
          SqlSessionTemplate.this.executorType,
          SqlSessionTemplate.this.exceptionTranslator);
      try {
        Object result = method.invoke(sqlSession, args);
        if (!isSqlSessionTransactional(sqlSession, SqlSessionTemplate.this.sqlSessionFactory)) {
          // force commit even on non-dirty sessions because some databases require
          // a commit/rollback before calling close()
          sqlSession.commit(true);
        }
        return result;
      } catch (Throwable t) {
        Throwable unwrapped = unwrapThrowable(t);
        if (SqlSessionTemplate.this.exceptionTranslator != null && unwrapped instanceof PersistenceException) {
          // release the connection to avoid a deadlock if the translator is no loaded. See issue #22
          closeSqlSession(sqlSession, SqlSessionTemplate.this.sqlSessionFactory);
          sqlSession = null;
          Throwable translated = SqlSessionTemplate.this.exceptionTranslator.translateExceptionIfPossible((PersistenceException) unwrapped);
          if (translated != null) {
            unwrapped = translated;
          }
        }
        throw unwrapped;
      } finally {
        if (sqlSession != null) {
          closeSqlSession(sqlSession, SqlSessionTemplate.this.sqlSessionFactory);
        }
      }
    }
  }

 这里有两个方法需要重点关注, 一个是  getSqlSession() , 另一个是 invoke() 方法.

 1.1 getSqlSession()

  public static SqlSession getSqlSession(SqlSessionFactory sessionFactory, ExecutorType executorType, PersistenceExceptionTranslator exceptionTranslator) {

    notNull(sessionFactory, NO_SQL_SESSION_FACTORY_SPECIFIED);
    notNull(executorType, NO_EXECUTOR_TYPE_SPECIFIED);

    SqlSessionHolder holder = (SqlSessionHolder) TransactionSynchronizationManager.getResource(sessionFactory);

    SqlSession session = sessionHolder(executorType, holder);
    if (session != null) {
      return session;
    }

    if (LOGGER.isDebugEnabled()) {
      LOGGER.debug("Creating a new SqlSession");
    }

    session = sessionFactory.openSession(executorType);

    registerSessionHolder(sessionFactory, executorType, exceptionTranslator, session);

    return session;
  }

这里的 SqlSessionFactory 就是配置类中创建的 默认的实现类: DefaultSqlSessionFactory

  //DefaultSqlSessionFactory.java
  @Override
  public SqlSession openSession(ExecutorType execType) {
    return openSessionFromDataSource(execType, null, false);
  }

 |
 |
\|/

  private SqlSession openSessionFromDataSource(ExecutorType execType, TransactionIsolationLevel level, boolean autoCommit) {
    Transaction tx = null;
    try {
      final Environment environment = configuration.getEnvironment();
      final TransactionFactory transactionFactory = getTransactionFactoryFromEnvironment(environment);
      tx = transactionFactory.newTransaction(environment.getDataSource(), level, autoCommit);
      final Executor executor = configuration.newExecutor(tx, execType);
      return new DefaultSqlSession(configuration, executor, autoCommit);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      closeTransaction(tx); // may have fetched a connection so lets call close()
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error opening session.  Cause: " + e, e);
    } finally {
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
    }
  }

这里先不管别的代码, 直接看返回值, 创建了一个 DefaultSqlSession 的实例返回.

 

1.2 method.invoke()

回到  SqlSessionInterceptor 中来, 继续看下面的执行代码:

Object result = method.invoke(sqlSession, args);

sqlSession 就是上面创建的 DefaultSqlSesion 实例. 我们知道 Method.invoke(obj, args) 是反射调用方法的一种方式.

此处的Method是 getById 的方法反射类型. 所以, 会调用 obj 的 getById() 方法, 即 DefaultSqlSession 的 getById() 方法.

  @Override
  public <T> T selectOne(String statement, Object parameter) {
    // Popular vote was to return null on 0 results and throw exception on too many.
    List<T> list = this.<T>selectList(statement, parameter);
    if (list.size() == 1) {
      return list.get(0);
    } else if (list.size() > 1) {
      throw new TooManyResultsException("Expected one result (or null) to be returned by selectOne(), but found: " + list.size());
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }

  @Override
  public <E> List<E> selectList(String statement, Object parameter) {
    return this.selectList(statement, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT);
  }

  @Override
  public <E> List<E> selectList(String statement, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds) {
    try {
      MappedStatement ms = configuration.getMappedStatement(statement);
      return executor.query(ms, wrapCollection(parameter), rowBounds, Executor.NO_RESULT_HANDLER);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error querying database.  Cause: " + e, e);
    } finally {
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
    }
  }

此例中, statement = "com.study.demo.mybatis.mapper.UserMapper.getById"

这里是通过statement 拿 MappedStatement, 而 MappedStatement 中, 就有 mapper.xml 中对应的 sql 语句.

后续过程中, 就可以拿着 sql 去数据库执行了.

到这里, 主体流程其实已经走通了. 


原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/elvinle/p/12301109.html
如有疑问请与原作者联系

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